Fouquet, Jean

(c. 1420-c. 1481)
   The most important French painter of the 15th century, Jean Fouquet was born in Tours, perhaps the illegitimate son of a priest, as suggested by the fact that the artist applied in 1449 to have his birth legitimized by the pope. Nothing is known of his training. In the 1440s he was in Rome, where he painted the portrait Pope Eugenius IV and His Nephews, now lost, as related by Antonio Filarete in his architectural treatise. Fouquet was back in Tours by 1447. There he set up shop and remained until his death sometime around 1481, as indicated by the documented references in that year to his wife as a widow. His self-portrait, an enamel created in c. 1450 (Paris, Louvre) and signed with a large and elaborate calligraphy, is the earliest known Northern self-portrait that does not tie into any sort of religious theme. In about the same year, Fouquet also painted the Melun Diptych (Antwerp, Musée Royal des Beaux-Arts, and Berlin, Staatliche Museen), his most famous work. The bipaneled altarpiece shows the donor, Etienne Chevalier, King Charles VII's controller general, with his namesaint Stephen petitioning the Virgin and Child for his salvation. Some have suggested that the Virgin is a portrait of Agnes Sorel, the king's mistress who had involvements with Chevalier in governing the kingdom and who died in 1450. If this is in fact the case, then the work would be a commemorative piece in her honor. The work shows Fouquet's characteristic abstract, rounded shapes, emphasis on clarity, and linear contours. Fouquet also created a number of manuscript illuminations, including the Book of Hours of Etienne Chevalier (1452-1460), now in the Musée Condé in Chantilly, and Giovanni Boccaccio's Des Cas des Nobles Hommes et Femmes Malheureuses of c. 1458 now in Munich (Bayerische Staatsbibliothek; Cod. Gall. 369).
   See also Illuminated manuscript.

Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. . 2008.

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  • Fouquet, Jean — born с 1420, Tours, Fr. died с 1481, Tours French painter. Little is known about his early life or training, but a trip to Rome in the 1440s exposed him to Italian Renaissance art; upon his return to Tours, Fouquet created a new style, combining… …   Universalium

  • Fouquet, Jean — ► (¿1420 80?) Pintor y miniaturista francés, autor de las 47 páginas miniadas del Libro de Horas, de E. Chevalier. * * * (1420, Tours, Francia–1481, Tours). Pintor francés. Se sabe poco de los inicios de su vida y de su formación, pero en un… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Fouquet,Jean — Fou·quet also Fouc·quet (fo͞o kāʹ), Jean. 1420? 1480?. French artist who produced religious paintings, unidealized portraits, and book illuminations. * * * …   Universalium

  • Fouquet — Fouquet, Jean Fouquet, Nicholas …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Jean II. de Bourbon — Jean II. de Bourbon, Ausschnitt aus einer Buchmalerei aus den Grandes Chroniques de France von Jean Fouquet Jean II. de Bourbon (* 1426; † 1488 in Moulins) war erst Graf von Clermont en Beauvaisis dann Herzog von Bourbon und Auvergne. Er war der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jean Bourre — Jean Bourré Jean Bourré est un des trois personnages, portant chapeau sombre, se tenant derrière Louis XI (œuvre de Jean Fouquet) Jean Bourré (1424 1506) est un homme d État français marié à …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jean Bourré — est un des trois personnages, portant chapeau sombre, se tenant derrière Louis XI (œuvre de Jean Fouquet) Jean Bourré (1424 1506) est un homme d État français marié à …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jean Fouquet — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Fouquet. Jean Fouquet Autoportrait sur émail. Musée du Louvre …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jean Fouquet — Autorretrato sobre esmalte. Museo del Louvre …   Wikipedia Español

  • Jean de La Fontaine — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Fontaine et Lafontaine. Jean de La Fontaine …   Wikipédia en Français

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